Have you ever wondered how our brain works? How do we manage to retain the information that comes to us? How do virtual environments affect our learning process? Neuroscience has the answer to these questions.
From the time we get up until we go to bed, our brain is constantly learning. Each person has approximately 85 million neurons, although what is really important are the connections between them. In other words, a simulated brain can reach up to a trillion connections. Quite the opposite to when we are faced with moments of stress since this produces a decrease in them.
Neuroscience as a Discipline
Thanks to the advances developed around neuroscience, we can understand how the brain works. But what does it consist of? Neuroscience is responsible for studying the nervous system and knowing how the different elements that compose it interact.
In short, it is the discipline that investigates how our brain learns, how it manages to save the information and what are the processes that facilitate learning.
One aspect that fosters people’s ability to learn is curiosity and interest in specific topics. Francisco Mora, an expert in neuroscience, mentions that when we are curious about a specific topic, “the neural machinery of attention turns on”.
In other words, the human being is curious by nature, in fact, if we look back, we can be aware that when we are small the way we learn is by stimulating curiosity, through different games. However, as we grow, the stimuli generated by curiosity end up relegated to a corner, being replaced by moments of stress.
The Influence of Emotions on Education
Likewise, any learning that is related to emotions is very significant, since the brain interprets it as a fundamental part of survival and, therefore, saves it in case this information is necessary at any time.
The key, both in neuroscience and in education, is to discover a method that manages to arouse attention and interest in learning new knowledge, as well as improving people’s learning. Although this does not depend only on the methodology applied in the classes, it has been discovered that those schools where a lot of light is projected, noise and ambient temperature are controlled, known as neuroarchitecture, promote the improvement of the learning process.
One of the most intense feelings is fear because it has a negative impact on the learning process. Can you learn with fear? Yes, however, if people are formed along with this emotion, immediately, the brain associates learning new things with this feeling. In such a way, these people in the future will reject learning because their brain will relate it to the insecurity that fear generates. Hence, the need to transmit and teach in an environment of joy, since, in addition, this feeling manages to convey confidence in oneself.
The Plasticity of the Brain
But what effect do new technologies have on our brains? Before the advent of the Internet, people have had to remember an immense amount of data throughout their lives. At present, only with access to the network and a simple click, we have before us any type of information. We may think that this is beneficial, but is it really so?
The reality is that our brain is an organ characterized by plasticity, that is, it continually makes and re-makes connections. Therefore, it is capable of adapting to the different situations or environments we face. For example, when we stop studying to work, our brain adapts to the context to which we expose it. The same thing happens with the use of technologies, this body manages to assimilate the new knowledge and platforms offered by the network.
The use of ICT in Neuroeducation
We are facing a world where the Internet is part of our day to day and where there are more and more areas that work in symbiosis with the Internet. For this reason, the union of technology and neuroscience help to advance in the field of education, with the work of teachers being paramount.